In this video I discuss how alcohol affects the body, and some of the side effects of alcohol in the human body. I go through the path of alcohol in the body, the damage from alcohol, and what causes a hangover. I also discuss how drinking alcohol over time can harm your body, such as by causing a fatty liver.
We are going to take a little trip of what happens to alcohol in the body. Once it is consumed alcohol goes down the normal food path of digestion. From the mouth through the esophagus and into the stomach. Here, about 20% of alcohol is absorbed through the stomach lining into the bloodstream, which means it is getting into the bloodstream very quickly.
From the stomach, the alcohol that was not absorbed in the stomach next travels to the small intestine. One note here, if there is no food in the stomach, so an empty stomach, or if the alcohol is not consumed with any food, it gets to the small intestine very quickly. In the small intestine, the rest of the alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream and travels to the liver.
So, in the liver, an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase, which is also present in the lining of the stomach, which we will call ADH, oxidizes the alcohol, or ethanol molecule. In basic terms this means that the enzyme comes in and changes the chemical structure of ethanol, so, ethanol becomes acetaldehyde.
This substance is known to be toxic and carcinogenic, or poisonous and cancer causing. This acetaldehyde is then metabolized down to a substance called acetic acid, which is less harmful to the body. Acetic acid can then be broken down into carbon dioxide and water.
When alcohol is present, the liver will work on metabolizing it first. So, fatty acids can accumulate, which is why so many heavy drinkers develop fatty livers. It is estimated that the liver can eliminate about 0.5oz of alcohol per hour, which is about 1 beer, or 1 glass of wine, or 1 shot.
The heart then pumps the alcohol rich blood to the lungs. Some of the alcohol in the lungs is breathed out every time you exhale causing your breath to smell of liquor. The lungs send the alcohol containing blood back to the heart where it is pumped to all parts of the body, including the brain.
Once alcohol enters the brain, it slows down nerve cells that control your ability to move and think. So, judgment becomes impaired and movement becomes disrupted. Some people will begin to sweat and most will smell like alcohol. Alcohol also decreases the body’s production of anti-diuretic hormone.
Antidiuretic hormone helps your kidneys manage the amount of water in your body. The decrease of this hormone causes the kidneys to not reabsorb water; instead it is excreted as urine, causing the body to become dehydrated.
If alcohol consumption continues, it could lead to loss of consciousness. And massive alcohol consumption or binge drinking could lead to alcohol poisoning. This happens when there is a high concentration of alcohol in the bloodstream and this could result in coma, respiratory depression or possibly death.
Now let’s look at the aftereffects of alcohol over consumption…the dreaded hangover. The exact causes of a hangover are not completely understood, but there are several factors that may contribute to it. The chemical acetaldehyde is formed from ethanol, it is believed that this chemical is what causes the headaches associated with hangovers.
The increase in urination leading to dehydration, which could cause the thirst, dry mouth and dizziness. Some immune cells produce substances called cytokines, which can contribute to nausea and. Some alcoholic beverages increase the release of gastric acid in the stomach, and delay the emptying of the contents in the stomach, which could be the reason for stomach pain associated with hangovers. Alcohol can also interfere with the livers production of glucose, the main form of energy for cells, which could contribute to dizziness, disorientation and lack of energy.
The long term effects of alcohol over consumption include anemia, which is a low amount of oxygen carrying red blood cells. It can lead to cell death in the liver cells and brain cells, leading to these organs not functioning properly. The risk of heart failure increases; as does the risk of stomach and intestinal problems, and many heavy drinkers have high blood pressure.
Over consumption of alcohol can also lead to relationship problems, depression, and employment problems. And these are just a few of the long term problems associated with constant over consumption of alcohol.
It is always about moderation. Limiting yourself to 1 or 2 drinks from time to time is probably a good strategy. As you can see, over consumption of alcohol has a lot of negative effects on your body, and consistent over consumption of alcohol has catastrophic effects on your body.
No one will say that you should smoke in moderation but still so many people would suggest.. ah, as long as one drinks in moderation... Just be honest with yourself, you are not drinking cause it is healthy, you are drinking cause it makes you feel better It is up to you if you want to continue or not but there is nothing healthy in drinking, don't buy the myth that wine is good for you either : )
Dude I've been drinking for a decade and I am 21. That demon has tooken everything from me. Those fucking DT's will make you lose your mind. I've quit for maybe a month over the 10 years but I always seem to make an excuse to go back. If you are reading this please be aware. For alcoholics there is no moderation. 1 is way to much and a million could never be enough.
I got shit nostrilled off 2 40 ounces of malt licky for over a year every single day and I'm still here. Yall muthafuckas are light weights. The more you drink the less it will effect your body and you will recover faster. Don't believe in all the BULLSHIT.
Mother Earth, what the fuck happend to us? Look all thos stupid people saying alcohol does bad things to you, still they drink tones of sugar, caffeine, might be overweight, don't do any type of sport and don't know the difference between illegal and legal drugs! (none you stupid idiot, both might kill you if used too much! Yeah I said might cause for exemple weed won't kill a thing and if you think it does you obviously don't know what cannabis does) so get you're fuckin heads outta your ass, go jogg a little, smoke some weed with a slut and fuck him/her before you become a xenophobic prick!
The typical beer belly can be from a swollen liver, enlarged aorta, or fluid buildup in the abdomen. As the liver becomes more damaged, the blood flow through it is diminished which can cause enlargement of blood vessels as the pressure builds up (think kinked rubber tubing) such as the ascending aorta, those around the navel and the blood vessels in the esophagus. Aortic aneurysm (rupture) kills within minutes, rupture of esophageal vessels can kill in less than an hour due to blood loss (vomiting blood). And the bleeding won't stop because the liver is so damaged it is unable to make enough clotting factor.
I drink 2 or 3 steel reserved tall boys a day for around 3 years I know I'm an alcoholic and.cant stop the real question is is this hurting me that bad if I truly quit would it make considerable diffrence
Asmara 95 Indeed :) Elon seems to often be a bit too optimistic with his deadlines, but I'm following his optimisme and hoping for the best. And now that I thrive to survive on Mars, which has a much more harsh environment than Earth, now I can easily survive on Earth :) I usually don't talk about Mars to friends, but it's my main reason to live healthier and get in shape. Unorthodox thinking, but effective.
TehDanny haha man thats wicked!! I like it how you plan big and not small and average. That's something that I see you fighting for. I am aware the elon and space x are planing to go to mars so I didn't know soon humans can go there. I can see how that makes you very motivated to live and survive.
Oh thanks for asking, Asmara! My main focus is to make a difference in the software and in the space field. First I will complete my current education - Bachelor of Science, software development. Then I want to develop software in a space related company, where I'm currently primarily interested in software for satellite communication. My final goal requires me to save up a lot of money through the following 10-20 years and it requires SpaceX and other space related companies to reach the goal of colonizing Mars. Why? Because I want to take a one-way trip to Mars to live there and yeah, make a difference for mankind. The last goal can be seen as unrealistic of course, but my plan is to be ready in the case of it becoming possible. I believe Elon Musk has said that SpaceX wants to make it possible for a regular person to travel to Mars for the price similar to the price of a house in USA. Sometimes I wonder if my final goal is too far out, but planning all of this made me get rid of a depression, stop being suicidal and give my life meaning, so my plan is worth sticking to.
Teacher I have a question that I cannot solve when I test my food color. I added food color in water. Then put one bottle in room and other one under the sunshine. A week later I see the water color of the bottle under the sunshine becomes colorless. Other cause, I used alcohol. I add my food color in alcohol then put one bottle in room and other one under sunshine. Finally, I found the opposite. The bottle in room becomes colorless. The question is why? can anyone tell me why ?
Well, Im not sayn weed is "good" but if some poeple started smoking weed instead of Drinkin the deaths would go down ...
Weed is harmful for your brain, not gonna lie, if you smoke weed all day everyday it might be harmful for your brain cuz u lose barincells when you smoke. But that is not even close to how harmful Alcohol is for your body. Like cmon Alcohol is basically poisen..... If you wanna overdose on weed you have to smoke more than 6000kg in 15 minutes witch is pretty impossible, That is why no one ever died from a weed overdose as we know.
It's very interesting that the original estimates for blood-alcohol content are still in use. By putting it in terms of percentage, it's seems quite scalable and accurate. It says nothing for "seasoned" users, but it will catch up with you. I've noticed that applies for marijuana users also. - They're both still under the influence more than they know.
The occasional drink of alcohol is okay, depends on your definition of what occasional is though. The problem with drinking though is it may start off as something you do a couple times a month, maybe on weekends, than overtime it can progress to something you start doing every other day during the week, than it could turn into an everyday think especially if your stressed out. it can be easy for some people to fall into alcoholism, sometimes you don't even see it coming. Although alcohol may have a benefit or two, overall it's not a good habit to take up. I quit drinking and smoking cigarettes because my hair started falling out, which could have been related to the alcohol and how it takes nutrients from your body through the intestines. Since I quit smoking and drinking, all my hair grew back after a few months. And after you bury a friend or two because they died of chronic liver and kidney disease.. you tend to what to stay away from alcohol for the most part. but if your going to drink, don't overboard with it, don't risk your health or someone elses
3:28 I love this. "The exact causes of a hangover are not completely understood". We know so much, yet so little. Be it how our smell works to what that "stuff" is that makes up 80% of our universe. Yet we know fo' sho' that alcohol is deadly. Yea, ima take another drink and enjoy my life. Good bye.
I think this is a pretty useful, accurate, informative, and clear video overall. I am concerned about negative effects of alcohol and I think it's important to make people aware of them.
I worry that this video though is a bit one-sided...especially when you present "Why is Alcohol Bad" but you don't talk about any benefits of alcohol. Although it is somewhat controversial, there is significant scientific evidence of benefits to moderate drinking, such as studies that find increased health in light to moderate drinkers relative to people who totally abstain. According to Mayo Clinic, some of the proposed benefits include a moderate reduction in risk of diabetes, reduced risk of heart disease, and reduced risk of stroke.
I think the main reason people drink is social. Personally, I have found alcohol to have a number of social benefits. I don't like to rely on alcohol for social activities, but I think it can give me a glimpse of a level of social comfort that I can then work on achieving or experiencing without any alcohol, through other means.
I think it's important to acknowledge the positive aspects of alcohol when warning people about its negative aspects, because I think people have a tendency to close off to messages if they feel like they are too one-sided.
Yeah, this makes sense to me. Like, I know people don't always do this when they drink, but like, if I drink there are two very likely ways I might get exercise: walking to a bar or party and then walking home...and dancing when I'm there. And then the social connections also are probably very beneficial.
I wonder if there have been any studies that attempt to like, examine alcohol and control for activity levels and social relationships.
Thanks Alex for watching the video and letting me know your perspective. You are right when you say the video is one sided, being anti-alcohol, I should have done the other side of alcohol.
Let me say that I personally drink alcohol, I usually go out with co-workers once or twice a week. So I am not against alcohol consumption.
I did see several studies about the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption when I was researching the topic. However, I did read several studies that showed that a vast majority of people who drink in moderation also exercise regularly, eat a more balanced diet, don't over consume food, and tend to be more health conscious. So, that left me with the question... does the ethanol/alcohol molecule do something in the body to provide these reduced risks in various diseases, or is it the overall lifestyle of a person that only drinks in moderation that is providing those benefits?
I don't know the answer to that question. I could not find one positive thing that alcohol did once it is inside the body, in fact once it gets in the body, the body works as hard as it can to get rid of it.
I do think that having a couple of drinks in a social setting with friends is a good thing, you are out being social, in a stress free environment, having social interactions, which are all good things for mental health. But, many people can't limit themselves to only a couple of drinks, so, as with many things it comes down to moderate consumption
Thanks again Alex, take care.
I don't agree when you say that it's "obviously just an illusion" that alcohol makes people more sociable.
Alcohol can also have sustained benefits, even if you only drink one or a few times.
I used to be quite shy. I think I mainly opened up without alcohol, actually, before I ever started drinking more than one drink. But there have been a few times when I was somewhere from very tipsy to slightly drunk, where I opened up a lot socially...and I was surprised to find that people actually liked me / responded positively to me, including people who hadn't been drinking at all.
These experiences helped prove to me that I could "turn off my filter" more, i.e. that I could be more forward and open with people, that I could share thoughts or feelings or desires that I had been afraid to share.
I was then able to do these things without depending on alcohol.
I think it can be a problem when people come to depend on alcohol to feel comfortable socially. I know some people, for instance, who won't dance, won't initiate conversations with strangers at a party, or won't initiate physical intimacy or affectionate touch with people, without alcohol, but then when they drink they do all of these things freely...and then they end up drinking regularly, often heavily, because they want these things and they feel that they need alcohol to do it. I don't think this is healthy, and I think this is a form of psychological dependency.
But not everyone uses alcohol in that way. I think if people use alcohol as a way of pushing themselves out of their comfort zone, and then they reflect on their state of mind and experiences while tipsy or drunk, and the ways others responded to them, it can actually help people develop a deeper sort of confidence, overcome social anxieties, and things like that.
Britanny B that's how those commercials on tv fool people! Same with cigarettes & riding horses etc. The big Hollywood lie !? It's about sale of products etc. Looks like people having a good time... All the while cancer causing etc! Lung cancer gum cancer liver damage/cirrhosis kidney failure, lip cancer throat cancer etc!
Alcohol poisoning yada yada...
But this doesn't happen to everybody.... But why take the risk you should ask!?
My dad quit smoking & I think he lived longer because of that! 75years instead of 50-60!
My aunt jus passed at 71! She started smoking again with blockages & eventual open heart surgery!!!!!
Don't tell me these habits of smoking or drinkings are good for you!
Both my youngest uncles are dead & I blame drinking alcohol!!!!!
Whats Up Dude I see it as an illusion that it makes you more sociable. If you want to be more social you need to work on it sober bc it's like exercising a skill. If you're trying to study for a test or learn a new craft, you wouldn't drink before bc you wouldn't be able to focus and truly learn. I'm working on giving up alcohol for good. Completely doing away with the illusion society makes of it and the alcohol trap many people are in :-)
Great question Britanny B. Alcohol really effects the brain, mainly it impairs judgement or decision making. So, in that sense it can make some people less introverted, but that is not always a good thing. Having impaired judgement means people are more prone to say and do embarrassing things. If people want to be more sociable, they need to work on their social skills, learn how to talk to people while having a clear mind, and not rely on alcohol to help them open up.
There is nothing wrong with drinking alcohol in moderation, but I wouldn't use it as a tool to be more sociable, you could wake up the next morning trying to remember all the bad decisions you made the night before.
Andrew Walk tried it when I was younger.... agree with you!!! It's not a good taste?!
It's a social statis peer pressure!!!!!!
My father didn't drink & im not either!!! U r not missing anything when it comes to beer drugs & cigarettes!!!
Stay clean & sober & find Christ! B4 it's too late...
Romans 16:16 church of Christ! Ephesians 4:4 one faith one baptism one body... which is the church ...
Acts 20:28 his church/Christ
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a problem with getting and maintaining an erection that’s firm enough to have sexual intercourse. All men have trouble getting an erection from time to time, and the likelihood of this problem increases with age. If it happens to you often, though, you may have ED.
Viagra is a prescription drug that can help men with erectile dysfunction. For many people, romance means candlelight, soft music, and a glass of wine. The little blue pill, Viagra, can be part of this picture, but only if you drink small or moderate amounts of alcohol.